Lately, I’ve been asked a version of this question over and over – “For working on my images, should I use Lightroom or Photoshop?”
To me, that’s the wrong question, perhaps not even a fair question. Photoshop and Lightroom are not designed to replace each other; they’re designed to complement each other – they’re two different programs, with two different purposes.
So, what are the right questions?
“For enhancing my image and getting the absolute most out of my digital capture, which is the better program?” Answer: Photoshop
“And for critically editing and managing my collection of images, which is the better program?” Answer: Lightroom
Here’s another way of thinking about it: Photoshop is your “Digital Darkroom”, whereas Lightroom is your “Digital Library”.
Let me explain – and to do so, let’s first define each program, both products from Adobe.
What is Photoshop? It’s an image manipulation & enhancement software program – or for you propeller-heads out there, it’s a “raster graphics editor”. It’s an industry standard for a reason: it’s an incredibly powerful (and complex) program.
What is Lightroom? I like this definition from Wikipedia – it’s an image management application database which helps in viewing, editing, and managing digital photos. It’s also powerful for what it’s designed to do, but not near as complex as Photoshop.
Is there “crossover” in what each program can do? Of course, and therein lies the confusion – for instance, the program “Bridge” comes free with Photoshop, and it’s a very good “file browser”; Lightroom has a “Develop” and “Print” module.
But you should never confuse what you can do in Bridge with the organizational power of Lightroom, nor should you even remotely confuse the “Develop” module to the full capabilities of image enhancement capable in Photoshop.
With that in mind, you have 3 choices when choosing which program(s) to use. In my comments, I’m going to focus (pun intended) on getting the absolute most out of your digital capture, which is my passion and area of expertise.
1) Use Lightroom Only: The best “Digital Library” out there, but for critical digital output, I don’t consider this the best choice. It’s a fallacy that the “Develop” module in Lightroom is “just as good” as Photoshop – in fact, the “Develop” module is exactly the same as the Adobe Camera RAW Plug-in in Photoshop, and no more. In this regard, Photoshop is a “NASCAR race car” to Lightroom’s “passenger car” – no comparison.
Another question I get asked: Should a newbie try Lightroom first to enhance their images, and then step up to Photoshop later? Unless you need the power of Lightroom (Digital Library), I would recommend against it. If you want to start right and truly discover the power of digital capture, learn Photoshop first (Digital Darkroom). The learning curve is a bit higher than Lightroom (see below), but the results to your digital output are worth it.
2) Use Photoshop Only (with Bridge): As a custom photographic printer for over 30 years, I’ve seen what works and what doesn’t, and Photoshop is the best – no serious pro would consider not using the best in any discipline. A downside: Photoshop can be a bit harder to learn than Lightroom, no doubt – but as a photographer, you only need to use about 10 to 15% of this complex program, and you can pretty much ignore the rest. Oh, and it’s not nearly as complicated with the right instruction designed for photographers (hint-hint: shameless plug – click here)
3) Use both Lightroom and Photoshop: Now, I confess – I’m not a Lightroom fan and don’t use it, but I also don’t shoot hundreds of images a week. If you do, then you may want to consider using Lightroom, too. Keep in mind the added complications to your digital workflow, as well as having one more program to learn. If you don’t need the power of Lightroom, why learn a second program?
My approach? As I’m big on keeping things simple (and don’t shoot hundreds of images a week), I rely on Bridge as my file browser, and use Photoshop exclusively. Oh, and I don’t run every image through Photoshop – only those that, after critical editing, I’ve decided need a Master File – click here for more on Master Files from an article I wrote for ApogeePhoto.com.
My recommendation? If your goal is to get the absolute most out of your digital capture (for print in particular), you should include Photoshop in your arsenal. If you’re a newbie, I’d suggest that you start with Photoshop (Digital Darkroom), and use Bridge as your Digital Library… If Bridge is not getting the job done, step up to the better “Digital Library” – Lightroom.
“What?? That’s not what my print looks like – it’s way different in this lighting!” – How many of us have had that frustrating conversation, and want to know how to avoid it?
When it comes to Digital Imaging, there are Three Steps to Successful Color Management. In my experience, the most overlooked is #3: Assure that you have the proper Lighting Conditions and Perception (more here on Perception).
Before your eyes start to glaze over, let me start with a quick and simple definition: Color Management allows you to print what you see on your monitor with a large degree of accuracy. The old adage,”WYSIWYG” (What You See Is What You Get) readily applies when you are properly color-managed.
So, back to Lighting Conditions, one of the essential elements in Color Management: In “non-propeller-head” terms, your goal is to emulate viewing your print at noon on a bright sunshiny day, no matter where you are. To accomplish that, the Graphics profession (print labs, galleries, museums, etc.) generally uses the accepted “standard” in Digital imaging, which is 5000°K, or “D50”. All lighting sources are different, so you need to use the “standard” when viewing and evaluating your prints, too.
Don’t know (or care) what all those goofy numbers mean? No worries, keep reading – (“Propeller-heads”, feel free to click here for more on the subject) …
Enter the Ott Lite: Inexpensive “balanced” lighting at around 5000°K – If you’ve ever been to one of my Seminars or Meetups, then chances are you’ve seen me use them. They’re great for prints up to 16×20 or so, and available at Office Depot, starting at around $20. I bought all three models shown above, including a portable battery operated one, for around $70.
There are other options of course, but this will get you headed in the right direction quickly. For more on this subject, click here to download my free PDF, “The 3 Steps to Successful Color Management” …